ORSON WELLES BIOGRAPHY & FILMOGRAPHY:
Orson Welles was born may 6th, 1915 in Kenosha, Wisconsin with the first name George. He was the second son born to Richard Welles, an inventor and Beatrice Ives, a concert pianist. At the age of four, his family moved to Chicago and two years later his parents divorced.
Welles stayed living with his mother, however at the young age of eight, his mother passed away and his father took over raising him. In 1928, Orson's father committed suicide and a orthopedist by the name of Maurice Bernstein took over custody of Orson.
Welles was enrolled in the progressive Todd School in Woodstock, Illinois. There, Orson was first introduced to theater and learned a great deal about production and direction. He graduated in 1931.
Welles visited Ireland for a bit and worked for a period of time as an actor. Upon return to Chicago, he worked as a drama coach at the Todd School and also helped coedit four volumes of plays by William Shakespeare.
In December 1934, Orson made his Broadway debut with katherine Cornell's company. The following year Orson and John Houseman teamed up to manage a unit of the Federal Theater Project, a nationwide social program intended to help with the economic crisis during the 1930's.
In June 1937, Welles and Houseman teamed on a production, "The Cradle Will Rock" which was attempted to get shut down by the Federal Theatre Project so Welles and Houseman left the project. The two men organized the Mercury Theatre which over two seasons was quite successful. Productions of, "Julius Caesar" and "Shoemaker's Holiday", "Heartbreak House". Welles also found time to play "The Shadow" on radio and to supervise a "Mercury Theatre on the Air," whose most known success was an adaptation of H. G. Wells's (1866–1946), "War of the Worlds". When the Mercury Theatre crashed, Welles wanted to find the cash to resurrect it.
Orson Welles was becoming nationally famous and at only 25 years old, RKO Studio's brought him to Hollywood to make films. Orson Welles first feature film, "Citizen Kane" (1939) which had amazing techniques and visuals and although it was not a box office hit, it has been praised as one of the best movies of all times. Welles was credited with directing, producing, co-scripting and even played the leading role.
After World War II Welles did leave the United States for about three decades but did return periodically only to further his career.
Welles proceeded to make more films such as, "The Magnificent Ambersons" (1942), "The Lady From Shanghai" (1948), "Othelo" (1952), "The Trial" (1962), "Touch Of Evil" (1958) and "F is For Fake" (1973). He also continued as a working actor in such films as, "The Third Man" (1949) and "The Muppet Movie" (1979).
Welles appeared in over forty five films not including his own. Some were successful but many were roles he accepted only to earn extra money to finance more of his own films such as, "Chimes at Midnight" (1966).
During the latter part of his life Welles continued to earn a living doing television commercials and puting the money he earned towards making more fillms.
Orson Welles passed away October 10th, 1985 from a heart attack.
Orson Welles was married three times and had children with each wife. Welles shared an Academy Award for the script of Citizen Kane and in 1975 was honored by the American Film Institute with a Life Achievement Award.
1984 The Enchanted Journey
1980 The Greenstone
1977 Salvador Dali - A Soft-Self Portrait
1976 Voyage of the Damned
1973 Who's Out There?
1972 Get to Know Your Rabbit
1972 Ten Days' Wonder
1972 Treasure Island
1972 The Witching
1967 Casino Royale
1967 I'll Never Forget What's 'Isname
1966 Is Paris Burning?
1966 A Man For All Seasons
1964 The Finest Hours
1963 The Trial
1963 The V.I.P.s
1961 David and Goliath
1960 The Battle of Austerlitz
1959 Ferry to Hong Kong
1958 The Long, Hot Summer
1958 Touch of Evil
1957 The Man in the Shadow
1956 Moby Dick
1955 Mr. Arkadin
1954 Fabulous Versailles
1954 Three Cases of Murder
1954 Trouble in the Glen
1953 King Lear
1952 Othello - The Lost Masterpiece
1951 Orson Welles' Ghost Story
1950 The Toast of the Town
1949 The Third Man
1948 The Lady from Shanghai
1946 The Stranger
1946 Tomorrow Is Forever
1944 Jane Eyre
1941 Citizen Kane