LOUIS ARMSTRONG BIOGRAPHY & FILMOGRAPHY:
Louis Armstrong was born on August 4th, 1901 in New Orleans, Louisiana with the birth name Louis Daniel Armstrong and later became well known as 'Satchmo'. He grew up in a very poor family and was abandoned by his parents at a young age, therefore raised by another woman by the name of, Mary Albert up until the age of five. He then moved back in with his biological mother and saw his father on occasion.
As a child he learned how to play the bugle and clarinet and would help support his family financially by working as a paper boy and also finding discarded food from restaurants and would re sell it.
At the age of eleven he dropped out of the Fisk School for boys and joined a group of boys who would sing and perform on the street for money. He continued to find various odd jobs to help support himself.
When he turned eighteen he found work in the Kid Ory Band in New Orleans and also became the second trumpet for the, Tuxedo Brass Band in 1919. By the age of twenty he was able to read music and in 1922 he joined the Creole Jazz Band and was finally making a decent living.
Soon he was recording music with his first being on the Gennett and Okeh labels and then he also did a number of recordings with Fletcher Henderson's band in New York. He was then offered to relocate to New York and play with the Fletcher Henderson Orchestra which at that time was the top African-American band of the era.
His act incorporated singing and telling stories of New Orleans characters. He was successful, but decided to relocate back to Chicago in 1925 and due some recordings on his own producing such hits as, Potato Head Blues and Muggles.
He continued to due stage performances at Connie's Inn but when the Depression hit, it took a big toll on the Jazz industry and therefore, Armstrong relocated to Los Angeles, California to see what other job opportunities might be available to him. For a while he worked at the New Cotton Club in Los Angeles but after having a run in with the law he moved back to Chicago and then decided to travel to Europe after some more dealings with the mob.
After things cleared up back in the United States he moved back and began taking a film career more seriously. He worked on such features as, "Pennies from Heaven" (1936) starring Bing Crosby and also did some radio shows. He continued to record music, and was performing live in more than 300 performances a year. As Big Band music was becoming less popular he was having a difficult time supporting his 16 piece member touring band.
Satchmo also appeared in the musical comedy movie "Cabin in the Sky" (1943 starring Ethel Waters, Eddie 'Rochester' Anderson, Lena Horne, Rex Ingram and Duke Ellington.
His manager dissolved his 16 piece band in 1947 and he became a member of a six piece group called Louis Armstrong and his All Stars. It was during this time that he put a little more focus towards his film roles such as, "New Orleans" (1947) starring Arturo de Cordova, Shelley Winters, Billie Holiday, Dorothy Patrick, Marjorie Lord and Irene Rich, "Glory Alley" (1952) starring Ralph Meeker, Leslie Caron, John McIntire and Gilbert Roland, "You Are There" (1954) and "The Glenn Miller Story" (1954) starring James Stewart, June Allyson, Harry Morgan, Charles Drake, George Tobias, Barton MacLane, Sig Ruman and Marion Ross.
Majority of his film roles he portrayed a band leader such as in the 1956 musical, "High Society" starring Bing Crosby, Grace Kelly, Frank Sinatra, Celeste Holm, John Lund, Louis Calhern and Sidney Blackmer and also appeared on the big screen in the film, "The Five Pennies" starring alongside Danny Kaye, Barbara Bel Geddes, Harry Guardino, Bob Crosby, Susan Gordon and Tuesday Weld.
And 1964 brought about the Academy Award film "Hello Dolly" starring Barbra Streisand, Walter Matthau (in his only movie musical), Michael Crawford, Danny Lockin, J. Pat O'Malley, Tommy Tune, Fritz Feld, Marianne McAndrew and E. J. Peaker.
As he began to age, health restrictions slowed down his career as he was unable to travel so much. Along with being an amazing musician he was also accepted very openly into the white community. He tried to remain politically neutral and he was awarded the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 1972 by the Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences.
Armstrong had many hit records including "Stardust", "What a Wonderful World", "Hello Dolly", "When The Saints Go Marching In", "Dream a Little Dream of Me", "Ain't Misbehavin'", "You Rascal You,"and "Stompin' at the Savoy" just to name a few.
Armstrong was married a total of four times throughout his life. His first wife was Daisy Parker whom he married in 1918 and divorced in 1923. He then married Lil Armstrong from 1924 through 1938. His third wife was Alpha Smith from 1938 through 1942. Finally he married for a fourth and final time to Lucille Wilson in 1942 and they stated together until July 6th, 1971 when he passed away in New York City, New York after suffering from a heart attack.
His honorary pallbearers included Bing Crosby, Ella Fitzgerald, Dizzy Gillespie, Pearl Bailey, Count Basie, Harry James, Frank Sinatra, Ed Sullivan, Earl Wilson, Alan King, Johnny Carson and David Frost.
Armstrong never had any of his own children. He was elected to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and was also pictured on a 32 cent United States commemorative Stamp in the Legends of America Music series in 1995. Louis Armstrong was also awarded a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for his contribution to Recording.
1970-1971 The Mike Douglas Show
1970-1971 The David Frost Show
1970-1971 The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson
1970-1971 The Johnny Cash Show
1971 The Pearl Bailey Show
1970 Music on 2
1970 Johnny Carson Presents the Sun City Scandals '70
1970 ...And Beautiful II
1969 Hello, Dolly!
1968 A Christmas Night with the Stars
1965-1968 BBC Show of the Week
1965-1968 The Bell Telephone Hour
1968 The 40th Annual Academy Awards
1964-1968 The Hollywood Palace
1967 The Jackie Gleason Show
1967 The Danny Kaye Show
1966 A Man Called Adam
1965-1966 The Dean Martin Comedy Hour
1955-1966 The Ed Sullivan Show
1965 I've Got a Secret
1965 When the Boys Meet the Girls
1965 The Best on Record
1965 Hallo Satchmo
1954-1964 What's My Line?
1962 Walt Disney's Wonderful World of Color
1961 Auf Wiedersehen
1961 Paris Blues
1961 The Dinah Shore Chevy Show
1961 What About Linda?
1959 The Bing Crosby Show
1959 Jazz on a Summer's Day
1959 La Paloma
1959 The Beat Generation
1959 Kærlighedens melodi
1959 The Five Pennies
1959 Die Nacht vor der Premiere
1957-1959 Timex All-Star Jazz Show
1958 The Steve Allen Plymouth Show
1957 The Edsel Show
1957 The DuPont Show of the Month
1957 Satchmo the Great
1956 Ford Star Jubilee
1955-1956 Producers' Showcase
1956 High Society
1955 See It Now
1951-1955 The Colgate Comedy Hour
1954 The Glenn Miller Story
1954 You Are There
1953 Saluti e baci
1953 Nothing But the Best
1952 Glory Alley
1951 The Buick-Berle Show
1951 Here Comes the Groom
1951 The Strip
1950 College of Musical Knowledge
1950 Cavalcade of Bands
1950 I'm in the Revue
1949 Sugar Hill Times
1948 A Song Is Born
1947 New Orleans
1945 Pillow to Post
1944 Jam Session
1943 Cabin in the Sky
1943 Show-Business at War
1938 Going Places
1938 Dr. Rhythm
1937 Artists & Models
1937 Every Day's a Holiday
1936 Pennies from Heaven
1934 København, Kalundborg og ?
1932 I'll Be Glad When You're Dead You Rascal You
1932 A Rhapsody in Black and Blue